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Understanding spinal cord Injuries: Severity and complexity – Firstpost

Friday, 9 September, 2022

Understanding spinal cord Injuries: Severity and complexity – Firstpost

The spinal cord consists of a column of nerve tissue that runs from the base of the skull till the lower back. It is covered by three thin layers made of protective tissues called dural membranes. These nerves carry impulses from the brain to various muscles of the body. The spinal cord is an extremely delicate structure and makes up our Central Nervous System (CNS) along with our brain. As nervous tissues do not have the capacity to regenerate, if the spinal cord gets injured, the defects may be permanent.

Though damage to the spinal cord can happen in multiple ways, the most common cause of spinal cord injuries is trauma in any form to the spine. Non traumatic injuries are not as prevalent but can occur due to tumors, blood loss or stenosis (space inside the backbone being too small). Most of the times trauma causes fractures of the vertebral bodies, which in turn cause compression over the spinal cord. Direct injury to the spinal cord in the form of bleeding into the cord or swelling of the cord can also occur due to injury. Sometimes spontaneous fractures of the vertebrae can occur in elderly people, mostly due to osteoporosis, leading to spinal injury. In rare cases some tumors may spread to the spine causing a collapse of the vertebrae and injuring the spinal cord.

Read more at: https://www.firstpost.com/health/understanding-spinal-cord-injuries-severity-and-complexity-11202771.html

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