Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease that can cause pain, stiffness, or difficulty with movement. This condition, the most common form of arthritis among older adults, has no known medical prevention or cure.
OA causes the breakdown of cartilage, the tissue covering the ends of bones in the joints. The condition often leads to the need for total joint replacements in people with advanced cases.
By 2030, an estimated 3.5 million Americans will undergo total knee replacements (TKR) yearly. About 572,000 people will have total hip replacements (THR) annually by 2030.