Spinal cord injuries refer to damage to any region of the spinal cord or nerves at the end of the spinal canal, known as cauda equina, and result in permanent changes below the area of injury. The severity of the injury, and the region where it occurs in the spinal cord, determine one’s ability to control their limbs.
The neurological level of spinal injury is defined in accordance with the lowest part of the spinal cord that remains undamaged after an injury. The completeness of the injury is defined in accordance with the severity.
Based on completeness, spinal cord injuries can be complete or incomplete.