Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a mental health condition affecting a huge number of children, adolescents and sometimes adults. The patients exhibit the symptoms of hyperactivity, inattention and impulsivity.
Overview of ADHD
Children with ADHD are usually seen to have difficulties in managing their emotions and organizing themselves. They tend to get into a trouble at school and elsewhere because of their inability to process information before reacting.
While being particularly common in children, the disorder is seen across all age groups except in geriatric individuals. ADHD affects people from all races and ethnicities equally.
Psychological wiring of the brain of an individual with ADHD is different from that of an unaffected individual. Imbalances in the levels of dopamine and norepinephrine in the brain are commonly seen in the patients with ADHD.
The frontostriatal circuit of the brains of ADHD patients has been the area of focus for several studies aiming to understand neural responses in ADHD patients.
Large scale trials with samples from diverse geographical populations are being carried out to understand the patterns of ADHD, its prognosis, and its association with other concurrent mental health conditions in a better manner.
ADHD, just like any other neurological condition, is often associated with mental disorder comorbidity. More than 60% children with ADHD are reported to have one or more co-existing mental health conditions.
The typical challenge these comorbidities present is that their symptoms are often overlapping with those of ADHD. Because of this, oftentimes an accurate diagnosis becomes extremely complicated. The inaccuracy or delay in diagnosis can be a major concern affecting the mental health and quality of life of the patient.