Neuroinflammation is associated with anxiety and depression in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS), according to results of an exploratory study published in Neurology.
Patients with relapsing-remitting MS (N=405) underwent a brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan with gadolinium 5 days before the study. Inflammatory markers and associative incidences of depression and anxiety were then evaluated in this patient group. The State/Trait Anxiety Inventory-state and Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI-II) were used to score depression and anxiety among patients. Active patients were deemed to have experienced clinical relapses or signs of activity at MRI.