Researchers at Johns Hopkins University have documented changes in the brains of patients with post-treatment Lyme disease that may explain symptoms such as brain fog, memory loss and other cognitive issues. The finding could also have implications for patients with long covid, fibromyalgia, multiple sclerosis, chronic fatigue and other health conditions who have cognitive problems.
Lyme disease is a bacterial illness spread by ticks that causes a rash, flu-like aches and fever, joint pain and fatigue. Most patients fully recover when treated early with antibiotics, but up to 20% of those with post-treatment Lyme disease (PTLD) have long-term symptoms, including depression, insomnia and cognitive difficulties. There is usually no clinical or laboratory evidence to explain their ongoing issues.