Having mood fluctuations and experiencing highs and lows is not uncommon. However, not all forms of mood changes are considered disorders. Bipolar disorder or manic depressive disorder is a form of a mood disorder that is often confused with having only depression. Even though they have a few similar symptoms, they are different.
Bipolar disorder is characterized by extreme mood changes in the emotional spectrum. As the name suggests, it has two phases or poles, i.e., mania or hypomania (a less extreme form of mania) and at the other pole is depression. We got in touch with Dr Santosh Bangar, Senior Consultant Psychiatrist at Global Hospital, and Dr Sonal Anand Psychiatrist at Wockhardt Hospital, Mumbai, to get a better understanding.